Optimizing of chemical admixtures for 3D printable cementitious materials by central composite design

Mingyang Li, Yiwei Weng, Zhixin Liu, Dong Zhang, Teck Neng Wong

Article ID: 16
Vol 1, Issue 3, 2022, Article identifier:16


Printability of 3D printable cementitious materials is related to material rheological properties, and is affected and controlled by modern concrete chemical admixtures. In this work, the influence of several chemical admixtures including superplasticizer, retarder, and accelerator on the rheological characteristics of printable materials was investigated using central composite design (CCD). Twenty test points with varying dosages of chemical admixtures were performed to evaluate the primary effects of chemical admixtures and their combined interactive effects on the rheological properties. The results indicate that with the increase of retarder or superplasticizer dosage, all rheological parameters decrease while accelerator possesses an opposite impact. The rheological properties are negatively proportional to the combined interactive effect of retarder and accelerator. The combined interactive effect of retarder and superplasticizer positively affects dynamic yield stress, plastic viscosity, and thixotropy, while it negatively impacts static yield stress. The combined interactive effect of accelerator and retarder positively affects the yield stress, whereas it negatively influences the plastic viscosity and thixotropy. The results indicate that the CCD is an efficient method to find the desirable formulation within a given boundary.


3D concrete printing; Central composites design; Rheological properties; Statistical models

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/msam.v1i3.16


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